Nordic skiing is a total body movement, where arms with the poles and legs are used for propulsion. The entire torso and shoulder muscles play a stabilizing and dynamic function. For this reason cross-country skiing uses more muscle groups than almost any other sport. As the principal movement is sliding, cross-country skiing is a particularly low impact sport which simultaneously trains a number of coordination skills such as balance, rhythm, etc. Cross-country skiing is even ideal for strengthening the cardiovascular system. From children to senior citizens, this sport can easily be learned and practiced.
The motion by cross-country skiing is basically possible in two styles: the classic technique and the skating technique. The classic technique is run along parallel grooves, the skating technique on smooth surfaces. Skis with scales or grip wax (hard wax or Klister) are required for the leg kick in the classic technique. For the skating technique shorter skis are used, which are prepared solely with a gliding wax.
As an introduction to cross-country skiing the classic technique is usually preferred. If experience of skiing, ice skating or in-line skating is present, it is possible to start with the skating technique.
Diagonal stride on flat ground - double pole push – side-step - Parallel (indirect) track change – herringbone step
Parallel downhill - plough – one-sided plough
Skating step without poles - diagonal skating stride - asymmetric 2:1 stroke - slow side change
Diagonal uphill strides - double pole push with intermediate step – direct track change – technique changes
Snowplough turn – stepping turn active/passive
1 :1 stroke - symmetrical 2:2 stroke - faster lane change – technique changes - half skating step
Jumping herringbone step – double pole sprinting
Running turn - more cornering technique
Asymmetric 2:2 stroke jump – 1:1 stroke sprint
You will receive a sound basic education in cross-country skiing, whereby the classic technique as well as the skating technique is taught. Other important topics include the pedagogically correct handling of children and an introduction to cross-country skiing without boundaries.
Following a positive result in the Level 1 (Anwärter) Cross-Country Skiing Instructor’s examination and after passing a qualifying test, the next stage is the Cross-Country Skiing Instructor course both in the classic technique and the skating technique. An introduction to biathlon completes this training.
The cross-country instructor education can be perfected following successful completion of a qualifying test. In addition to the basic techniques of biathlon you will acquire skills in cross-country ski hiking as well as training in alpine safety.
The telemark technique has enjoyed increasing popularity since its re-discovery in the 1970s. With the constantly improving equipment, this snow sport is possible in every terrain through to the Funpark. The Austrian training method is divided into four stages: green, blue, red and black.